Early policing in american history was based on the ancient english common law system which relied heavily on citizen volunteers watch groups and a conscription system known as posse comitatus similar to the militia system which continued until the mid nineteenth century police reform. Policing in colonial america had been very informal based on a for profit privately funded system that employed people part time towns also commonly relied on a night watch in which . What are the biggest challenges impacting policing in america the heritage foundations report shows encouraging evidence that law enforcement leaders are acknowledging the challenges of . Smart policing has proven successful in multiple varied communities and contexts and is well positioned to address the crime problems facing american cities today the smart policing approach . While police administrators in england were protected from political influence politics heavily influenced american police agencies in fact policing during the nineteenth century in america has been described as inefficient ineffective lacking professionalism and highly corrupt walker 1999
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